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雅思专家观点:雅思阅读技巧汇总(英汉双语)

2016-10-31 17:47

来源:未知

作者:tongdao

Remember to read the instructions carefully. The instructions will tell you where to find the answers, what you need to do, what kind of answer is required, and how many words you need to write. The instructions will also tell you if an option can be used more than once, and will remind you to transfer your answers to your Answer Sheet.

仔细阅读考试答题指导。答题指导会告诉你在文章中哪里定位答案,你需要做什么,需要你填写哪种类型的答案,以及你填写答案的字数。答题指导也会告诉你备选项是否要超过一次使用,还会提醒你把答案转填到答题纸上。

Remember that the questions for certain task types follow the order of information in the reading passage.

某些题型的问题的答题顺序是按照文章中信息出现的先后顺序排列的,即“顺序原则”。

Remember to read all the questions very carefully.

仔细阅读所有的问题。

Practise scanning for key words in the extracts or the reading passage that match the items. You can also practise scanning for paraphrases of key words.

通过文章的节选或整篇文章,练习扫读关键词。还可以通过意译重述关键词进行关键词转换练习。

Remember that in most tasks which involve writing words or numbers, e.g. Short-answer Questions, the answers have to be grammatically correct and spelt correctly. Accuracy in spelling and word form. are very important and you will be penalised for incorrect spelling.

在填写词汇或数字的题型中,如简短回答问题,答案必须在语法和拼写上完全正确。拼写和词汇的准确性是很重要的;如果拼写错误,整道题目就完全错误,造成失分。

Use the information provided in the notes, tables, diagrams or flow-charts, as well as any examples, to predict the type of information that is required.

运用文章中的注释,表格,图表或流程图以及范例中提供的信息,预测文章的内容,从而获取答题信息。

Underline key words and phrases when you read as well as paying attention to key words in the questions.

阅读过程中划出关键单词和词组,并且特别关注问题中的关键词。

Practise using synonyms, summary words etc. to help you locate information.

通过运用同义词和总结词汇等方法辅助你定位信息。

Practise different ways of expressing the same ideas or information in a text.

练习使用不同的方式表达相同的观点或信息。

Practise reading skills such as skimming and scanning for information.

不断练习阅读技巧如略读和扫读以确定具体信息。


捷进雅思中级教程(学生用书)(附2张光盘) 剑桥雅思考试全真试题解析(3)

Some students are convinced that only test practice will really help them, and want to do test after test. This can be discouraging, as they do not see the rapid progress they would like. You should read widely, e.g. newspapers, journals, magazines and books, and use materials from these sources when preparing for the test.

一些学生认为只有通过模拟考试测试才能真正地提高他们的水平,而且想要不断地做测试。但是,这种方法往往会适得其反,因为他们并没有从中看到自己快速的进步。所以在准备雅思阅读考试的过程中,你们要广泛阅读一些报英文报纸,杂志和书籍并且充分运用这些材料。

Be aware of the different text types and how best to approach them. Practise the full range of IELTS Reading task types.

了解不同的题型以及如何最好的解答这些题目。充分练习这些题型。

You should make sure that you understand that there is more than one way to read a text. Some students believe that they must read every text slowly and carefully, underlining every unknown word and stopping to worry about it. You should remember that your main aim is to locate the answers to the questions. You do not need to read in the same way you would if you needed to memorise something. You should try not to worry too much about the presence of unknown words, and you should also practise guessing meaning from context. Try not to look up every unknown word in the dictionary.

你们应该理解雅思阅读文章的方法不止一种。有些学生认为他们一定要很慢很仔细地阅读每篇文章,划出每个生词而且停下来想这些词汇。你们必须记住你们在雅思阅读考试的主要目的是定位问题的答案。如果是要去记忆一些内容的时候,你就不用运用相同的方法阅读。你们不必过于担心出现生词,而且你们要练习通过上下文猜测词义。尽量不要在词典中把每个生词都查出来。

Make sure that you read the instructions carefully in every case: many task types contain variations, and it is easy for you to confuse them if you do not check carefully what it is you are required to do.

确定在每种题型中都仔细阅读了答题指导,不同题型的答题指导都会有变化。如果你们不按照要求来做很容易混淆这些答题指导。

You should remain conscious of time limits during the test, and you should move on rather than spending too much time on a particular question to which you are unable to find the answer.

在考试中要有充分的时间意识。你们应该不断地往下做题而不是花太多时间在你找不到答案的某一具体问题上。

Be aware of the dangers of relying on locating the exact words in the text that you find in a question: practise using paraphrases and locating paraphrase in a text.

充分意识到原词定位的危险性:练习运用意义解释的方法,然后在文章中通过释义定位具体信息。

In task types where the information is located in order in the text, remember you don’t need to go back to the beginning of the text for each question.

如果问题在文章中的定位是按照顺序原则的,那么记住做题时不要每道题目回到文章的开头定位信息。

Take care when you need to copy a word or words from the text onto your Answer Sheet. Copying incorrectly will lead to loss of marks.

在用文章中的原词把答案填写到答题纸上的时候要当心,如果拼写错误将会导致失分。

Listening test and reading test share one answer sheet. On the front of the sheet you write your answers for the listening test. On the back of the sheet you write your answers for the reading test. Make sure you put your answer on the correct side.

听力考试和阅读考试共用一张答题纸。答题纸的正面填写听力答案。答题纸的反面填写阅读答案。确定你们把答案誊写在准确的位置。

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